11/1/2013 1:09 PM
Communications Commission in October held its second webinar to answer
questions about low-power FM. The filing window for those new applications is open
until Nov. 14. The webinar session included questions and answers with Media Bureau representatives about the LPFM Channel Finder, creating a CDBS account, filling
out the application and other issues. (Watch the webinar.)
Radio World asked LPFM applicant Dan Slentz, an occasional RW contributor, for his
takeaways from that webinar. He writes below. Remember that
neither he nor Radio World are legal advisors, so this is informational only.
The FCC staff reiterated numerous times that owning
one LPFM means you can have just one. One! Uno? Ichi? Ein! They couldn’t have
said it many other ways and still be easily understood.
Individual board members should not appear
on multiple LPFM construction permit applications without stating that they
will resign from any other or all but one board should a CP be granted. If a
board member is on the board of an organization holding broadcast license or
licenses (LPFM, noncom or commercial), or is a major stockholder in a company
holding one or more broadcast licenses, he or she
should indicate that they will resign from interest or ownership in any
other broadcast licenses. This includes resigning from any
other boards that hold broadcast licenses (LPFM, non-profit or commercial).
Colleges can have an LPFM if the existing college-owned
station (assuming an NPR) is not run by students and the LPFM would be student-run.
Often college stations are NPR-affiliated, serve a non-commercial mission and
are run by a paid college staff (with students occasionally working at the
A Catholic school system under one legal
non-profit, such as a diocese, can apply only for a single LPFM; if a group of
Catholic schools fell under one diocese, and it was the legal organization,
then only one is allowed.
Some questions came up about
technical aspects. The FCC’s James Bradshaw (whom I’ve talked with over the
years but never actually met) was great in explaining those. The most memorable
concerned knowing your effective radiated power. He said don’t worry about
that, just fill out what we’re asking for and we’ll determine your ERP.
They simplified the entire “getting your LPFM on-the-air” as a
1) File Form 318 - your
2) Call Sign Reservation
3) File 319 - License to Cover
Konrad Herling (202-418-2769) said he and David Trout (202-418-2662) would
be glad to help with questions. Also said they could assist if/when applicants
get to the call sign reservation portion. One question concerned the station
call sign and the response basically was, “Worry about that if/when the time
Stations will have 18 months to build and get on
the air. The question of extensions came up. Yes, you can get one single
18-month extension if needed; and that’s all. So theoretically, once a CP is
granted, a station could have three years to get on the air (with approved
Some discussion came up about second and
third adjacency channels, and also about proof of lack of interference. Many
people asked if they could simply say “No, it won’t interfere.” The response
was consistently, “You must prove it through documentation.” This documentation
must be a technical example with contouring maps. The methodology typically
accepted for FM translators was mentioned. Normally this requires RF
engineering above the “novice level.”
asked if they could present an affidavit from an existing broadcaster saying “we’ll
accept interference,” and the answer was a resounding “no.” At least one
college organization asked if interference would be acceptable to another’s
frequency if it were on their property (the college campus or building); that
also produced a big “no.” No interference (period).
construction permits are submitted and evaluated, the commission may need to “weigh”
the applicants. An applicant can claim “points”
in this system, and the number of points may determine who receives the permit.
As for these “bonus points”
in the weighed evaluation: If you affirm the following are met (individually),
each will gain you a point:1) Your nonprofit has been in existence for two or
more years,2) your board
is local or your campus is local, and 3) you pledge to provide eight or more
hours of programming per day.See
below for more.
If everything still
comes out equal between applicants, the FCC tends to look for a time-share
agreement where the applicants share the frequency. Additionally the FCC will
allow an applicant at this point to modify a construction permit to move to
another frequency, if one is available. It’s unclear what would happen if both
applicants are equal, they won’t time share and no other frequencies are
available; that question didn’t come up.
Existence of Non-Profit:
You must prove
that your non-profit has been a state-recognized legal non-profit organization
for at least two years. This must be proved by legal documentation showing your
incorporation or non-profit (again, as recognized by the state in which the
station is to be licensed). In one case, a church had been around for over 100
years but was not “incorporated” or “legally a recognized non-profit.” In this
case it would NOT qualify until it became legally recognized.
Local Board/Local Campus
The applicant must indicate they have an all-local board — 75%
of members must live within a 10 mile-distance (or, below the top 50 urban
markets, 20 miles) or the organization is physically headquartered or has a
campus within 10 miles of the proposed transmitter site (again, those below the
top 50 urban markets are given the 20 mile distance requirement). The question
came up: What if you qualify to claim both local board and local campus, which
is certainly possible. Pick only one. The form will give you an error if you
choose both, indicating you can only choose one even though both are true.
Eight Hours of
Programming Per Day:
This, by their own words, is a “pledge” to be on the
air with locally generated content eight hours a day. It is not legal to
directly rebroadcast another non-LPFM station. And rebroadcasting a satellite
service seems to not align itself with the intent of LPFM licensing. Locally
originating programming specifically to the broadcast license area is the goal.
This is why the application contains this “pledge” that you WILL be local.
In my opinion the FCC has done a great job with their
construction permit application, in terms of simplicity. The supporting
document on how to fill out the application answers most questions thoroughly,
so applicants should have no trouble filling it out.
that when dealing with any government agency like the FCC, any legal responses,
supporting documents and explanations must be accurate, detailed as necessary
and technically accepted in their descriptions. My opinion is that using “emotional
statements” in documents such as “the community wants us” or “the other stations
don’t support the community” (whether true or not) simply do nothing to support
your application. PROVE through your exhibits that you will be a
professional station and support the community and your non-profit cause. Having
a great collection of MP3s on your MP3 player does NOT make a good radio
station. Having reliable/professional gear, maintaining proper modulation,
broadcasting a quality signal, supporting the community and your non-profit,
reliably rebroadcasting emergency information, and generally being a
responsible broadcaster is what this is all about.
the Oct. 24 webinar
Watch the Aug. 20 webinar
3 comment(s) so far...
By Michi Bradley on
11/1/2013 5:17 PM
Re: Takeaways From the LPFM Webinar
>> It’s unclear what would happen if both applicants are equal, they won’t time share and no other frequencies are available; that question didn’t come up.
A. §73.872(d) - If the group is more than 3, than the top 3 stay in the running, the others are dismissed and then each applicant gets 8 hours a day using the schedule outlined in the rules. If there's only 2 applicants, then each get 12 hours a day.
By Dan Slentz on
11/2/2013 3:57 PM
Re: Takeaways From the LPFM Webinar
Thanks for this input Michi! Very helpful! This would be difficult situation for many LPFM broadcasters. Besides being sure "who has control of the frequency", they also may run against each other in programming. For instance, a church may have religious programming while someone else plays material "not church like". Would be an interesting share of the frequency. DS
By Josh Preston on
3/19/2014 10:15 AM
Re: Takeaways From the LPFM Webinar
Thanks for sharing this information Michi! This is a very helpful post