Your browser is out-of-date!

Update your browser to view this website correctly. Update my browser now


Real Takes Cue from Broadcasters

RealNetworks New Streaming Facility Is Built With Efficiencies Typically Found in Radio and Television

RealNetworks New Streaming Facility Is Built With Efficiencies Typically Found in Radio and Television

When RealNetworks decided to rebuild its Broadcast Operations Center in downtown Seattle recently, it had a number of objectives in mind.

Because the customers it aimed to serve with its streaming and signal distribution would include the biggest names in radio and television networks, Real’s quality had to be first cabin.


“These customers are very picky and they let you know in a loud way if something isn’t right,” said Real’s Director of Broadcasting Mark Warner.

Because it stands to prosper as more companies stream their content, Real wanted to build a showcase facility to let others see the business prospects in streaming operations.

“We had to show how the technology can be used to make a positive ROI,” said Nagesh Pabbisetty, vice president and general manager for Real Broadcast Network, referring to return on investment.

Real wanted to build an efficient operation that could reliably deliver the product – a streamed signal – on time, all the time, whether it was serving a 24-by-7 customer or a one-time-only event.

Jim Kreyenhagen, director of marketing for RBN, said, “We adopted a true ‘broadcaster’ mentality.”

Real wanted it to fit an operational and capital budget so they could earn a return on their own investment.

Real’s original operations center had been built on an as-needed basis, largely from consumer-grade equipment. The quality of the equipment was one issue; another was the manpower it took to make it work.

“They had to get up, tune in the receiver or connect the phone coupler in one location,” said Ben Wolk, account manager for DST Systems Inc., an information processing and computer software services provider, which did the system integration on Real’s upgrade.

“They had to patch in one location and they had to do the audio processing in another location,” Wolk said.

“Then they’d come back into their operations center and actually do the stream. There were four points of contact for the signal for one operator to get one stream out.”

A primary project aim was to bring all of those control functions to a single workstation console.

With the upgrade and its centralization of control, a two-operator shift can control more than 100 events.

Couplers problem

Video comes primarily via satellite, as does some audio. The building rooftop hosts a dozen satellite dishes that feed 30 DX Antenna satellite receivers. The antennas and receivers are controllable through the operators’ consoles in BOC.

For audio-only projects, the signal also can come via phone lines and over ISDN. Additionally, the customer can encode the audio into a stream at its studios and send that stream to Real via frame relay or ISDN.

The phone couplers represented a particular challenge. Because phone levels can come in at different levels and the phone couplers used had an auto-detect and hang-up feature, the phone system on the outside could trigger the coupler to hang up.

“We had to work with the phone coupler manufacture to modify those couplers to make them the most reliable possible,” said Wolk.

Except for signals that enter the building already stream-encoded, each audio signal is put through a Symetrix AGC leveler. The Symetrix units automated the level-setting process, a critical function because the levels coming from the phone couplers vary so widely.


The heart of the system is a Philips Venus audio and video routing switcher. It is configured to supply 96 inputs and 128 outputs, but can be expanded to 256 by 256. Router functions are handled automatically through the operator workstation consoles.

Along with the functionality and ergonomics of the new BOC facility came esthetic features. While the original room was viewable through glass from a hallway, it consisted of a large room full of equipment racks with a few operators seated at computers.

A passerby now finds an operations center complete with a monitor wall and plasma screens reminiscent of a television master control room.

Radio demand

Real had anticipated installing the video portion of the upgrade first, but a flurry of audio-only business required that section to be built in a hurry.

“The timeframe is probably the biggest challenge we faced,” said DST’s Wolk. “We started out with the large project as the primary one, then we jumped into a Phase II project that kind of took precedence – the audio-only portion, which was the phone couplers with the audio processing and the patching.”

DST had planned to build the racks off-site, but the rush to complete the audio section changed its plans for that portion of the project.

“Within a matter of two weeks, from ‘go’ to on-air, it only took us four days to integrate the equipment and deploy it within their facility,” Wolk said. “We went to the manufacturer, Symetrix, up in Lynnwood (a Seattle suburb), grabbed all the processors and wired that portion on-site.”

Seamless installation

The rest of the upgrade was built and tested off-site and installed in the Real facility without taking the existing operation offline.

“I think at the end of the day, the efficiencies and quality of product that Real puts out nobody can touch,” said Mark Siegel, manager of DST’s Seattle office.

The second half of Real Broadcast Network is the network itself. As a one-stop-shop, RBN aims of offer seamless service from the time the signal enters the building until it’s delivered via the Internet to the viewer or listener’s computer.

RBN’s Network Operations Center strives to bring the streamed signal to the customer using the least amount of the actual Internet possible.

That’s because Internet routing can be circuitous, possibly zigzagging across the country or even the globe. This can take the stream through unnecessary switching, which can result in slowing and lost packets.

To avoid using the Internet to deliver the signal across the country, RBN sends the signal via private network or networks to the “edge,” a location close to the end user.

The initial link a customer clicks contacts a redirecting server at the RBN Seattle facility. Using a number of factors to determine the customer’s location, that server directs the customer’s computer to a server in his area.

“Everyone has their own software models which tell where to get the signal,” said Real’s Kreyenhagen, referring to it as their “secret sauce.”


RBN normally runs its network at one-third capacity, which leaves enough cushion to handle huge spikes, like the during election or Seattle’s earthquake. By incorporating partners with their own networks, it quickly can scale up to handle increased demand of a stream.

RBN assigns a program manager to each project. On a complex project, the program manager enters the process after the conceptual sale, before a final price is established.

“The customer doesn’t always know everything involved,” said Kreyenhagen. “The program manager becomes the customer’s champion, his advocate in the process.”

Program managers stay attached to a project through its completion and are contacted automatically at any time, day or night, should a problem with the stream occur.

“RBN brought a true ‘broadcast’ mindset to the IP world,” said Real’s Pabbisetty. A team of about 60 people was built from specialists in networking, software and broadcast.

It takes all three

“People can have expertise in two of those areas, but no one has all three,” said Pabbisetty. He said he came to Real with two: networking and software.

“I have immersed myself in broadcasting, learning from the experts we have hired. We all have to understand the part we don’t know in order to make RBN work.”

Things are humming at RBN today. Projects range from advertiser-supported radio, where Real can replace the spots from the terrestrial signal with Internet-only commercials, to the subscription-based Major League Baseball and NBA game feeds, incorporated in Real’s Gold Pass subscription service.

Real says it has encountered strong demand from the corporate/enterprise marketplace. Companies have found that streaming their financial announcements simultaneously to interested parties around the world is a good way to satisfy new Securities and Exchange Commission requirements for such disclosures.

Real sees the expertise gained from these various projects as a magnet for more business.